Introduction and Saying hello

Since you can pronounce words now (right?), let’s start with basic things.

INTRODUCTION

Vocabulary:

név – name
én – I
engem – me (accusative)
te – you (singular)
téged – you (accusative singular)
Mi? – What?
Hogy? – How?
hív – to call
Engem …-nak/-nek hívnak – My name is…

Three guys talk:

-Szia! én Péter vagyok. Te ki vagy? – Hi! I’m Peter. Who are you?
-Szia! én Ádám vagyok. és téged hogy hívnak? – Hi! I’m Adam. And what’s your name?
-Sziasztok! Engem Gábornak hívnak. – Hi guys! My name is Gábor.

Note! You can also ask: Mi a neved? – What’s your name?

-The literal meaning of ”Hogy hívnak?” is How are you called?
-Watch the verb hív carefully. It requires accusative pronouns and the name needs the dative suffixes! That is: ACCUSATIVE PRONOUN + NAME + -NAK/-NEK + HÍVNAK

But you can just say: NAME + VAGYOK (Péter vagyok.) = I’M + NAME (I’m Peter.)

And you can answer:

Örülök. / Örülök a találkozásnak. / Örülök, hogy megsimertelek.Örvendek. – Nice to meet you.
Részemről a szerencse – The pleasure is mine. (somewhat literally: Luck is on my side.)

Well, just say Örülök! 🙂

SAYING HELLO

General greetings:

Jó reggelt! – Good morning!
Jó napot! – Good day! Good afternoon!
Jó estét! – Good night!
Jó éjszakát! – Good evening!

Take care and make these nouns (reggel and so on) accusative because the entire greetings are: Jó reggelt kívánok! – I wish you a good morning! And so on…I wish you something, it’s accusative in Hungarian.

Informal: to friends, family and so on…

Szia! – is for saying hello when you meet someone and saying goodbye, as well. Equivalent: Hi! Hello! Furthermore, You pronounce it like See  ya! 🙂

Sziasztok! – is the same as Szia! but it is used if you say hello or goodbye to more than one person. Equivalent: Hi guys!

Üdvözöllek! – is Welcome! or Greetings! The short form for it is: Üdv!

Isten hozott! – is also Welcome! but its literal meaning is ”God brought you!”. If God brought you, I welcome you or something like that is the secret meaning :).

Isten veled! – Bye! Goodbye! Literal meaning is ”May God be with you”! Obviously the one saying this wishes God to be with on your journey. Not really used anymore. It’s more like Szia!

We have a huge amount of slang words for saying Hi! :):):) Only a few of them: Csá! Pá! Cső! Szióka!

Formal or semi-formal: teacher, stranger, someone above you in rank…

Jó napot! – general greeting during the day.

Üdvözlöm!I welcome you! I greet you! Remember Üdvözöllek!

Isten hozta!Welcome! Remember Isten hozott!

Isten vele/Önnel! – Good-bye! Not so much in use anymore. Rather Viszontlátásra!

Viszontlátásra! – is saying Good-bye! The short form for it is: Viszlát! You can use it in shops, post-office and so on…

More expressions:

Formal: A közeli viszontlátásra! – See you soon/later!
Informal: Akkor legközelebb! – See you soon/later!

Formal: A holnapi viszontlátásra! – See you tomorrow!
Informal: Akkor holnap (találkozunk!) – See you tomorrow!

üdvözöl valakit – greet someone (needs accusative)
Várj, ne menj! Előbb üdvözlöm! – Wait. Don’t go. I’ll greet her first. (than you can go)
Üdvözlünk titeket! – We greet you (pl)!

köszön valakinek –  say hello to someone (needs dative case)
Köszönök neki, jó? – I’ll say hello to her, okay?

Saying ”Thank you!” for something

megköszön – to thank — NOTE! Hungarian says I thank you (indirect object – dative case) something (accusative case) —- Köszönöm neked a virágot! – Thank you for the flowers!

Köszönöm! – Thank you.
Nagyon (szépen) köszönöm! – Thank you very much (indeed).
Ezer köszönet! – literal meaning: A thousand thanks!

Kösz! – Thanks! or you can say Köszi! as well.

Kösz(önöm) a segítséged! – Thank you for your help.

hála valaminek/valakinek – thanks to something/someone (needs dative case -nak, -nek)
Hála Istennek!
– Thank god!
Hála a Péternek, itthon vagyok. – Thanks to Peter, I’m home. (maybe he took me home)

Remember!

Köszönöm a…+ Accusative case = Thank you for…
Hála valaminek/valakinek
= Thanks to something/someone

Homonyms

Homonyms are words having the same form but two or more (different) meaning. Such words belong to a specific part of speech with one meaning, to another part of speech with a second meaning. Hungarian examples for it:

(woman) – (to grow)

szán (sledge) – szán (to feel pity)

vár (castle) – vár (to wait)

zár (lock) – zár (to lock)

fél (member) – fél (to fear) – fél (half)

szél (wind) – szél (margin)

nem (gender) – nem (no, not)

szív (heart) – szív (to suck, to draw)

öl (fathom) – öl (to kill)

él (edge) – él (to live)