Vocabulary – The Four Cardinal Points and Continents


Before learning some cities, let’s take a look at the “Hungarian compass” as well as continents.

THE FOUR CARDINAL POINTS = A NÉGY ÉGTÁJ

észak – north > északi – northern
dél – south > déli – southern
kelet – east > keleti – eastern
nyugat – west > nyugati – western

As you see, you can make adjectives by adding an -i suffix to them: észak > északi = north > northern

észak-kelet(i) > north-east(ern)
észak-nyugat(i) > north-west(ern)
dél-kelet(i) > south-east(ern)
dél-nyugat(i) > south-west(ern)

And so on…

C O N T I N E N T S

continent – kontinens OR szárazföld (literally: dryland)

Európa – Europe > európai – European
Amerika – America > amerikai – American
Afrika – Africa > afrikai – African
Ázsia – Asia > ázsiai – Asian
Ausztrália – Australia > ausztráliai – Australian
Északi-sark – North Pole
Déli-sark – South Pole

Arktisz – Arctic
Antarktisz – Antarctic

Északi-sark and Déli-sark can be made adjectives like this: északi-sarki, déli-sarki

You see it’s all the same in Hungarian: you add the adjectival suffix -i and you must not use capital letters when the suffix -i is added: Észak > északi, Amerika > amerikai

So much for today. Bye now.

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