Present Tense


Hungarian has one present tense called jelen idő. All four English present tenses are to be translated with the one Hungarian present tense.

HIGH AND DEEP-VOWEL VERBS WITH INDEFINITE CONJUGATION

vezet (to drive), tör (to break), lát (to see)

SUFFIXES:

-(o)k, -(e)k, -(ö)k
-sz

-(u)nk, -(ü)nk
-tok, -tek, -tök
-nak, -nek

EXPLANATION:

1st PS: A link vowel is needed because verbs usually end in a consonant. Verbs with ö, ő, ü, ű take the suffix -ök. Deep-vowel verbs take -ok. Regular high-vowel verbs take -ek.

2nd PS: Usually no link vowel is needed. You just add -sz to the verb.

3rd PS: The indefinite conjugation has no suffix to the 3rd PS form. This form is the right choice to give the basic form of the verb > dictionary form. You just remove the -ni infinitive ending and you have this 3rd PS form.

1st PP: Link vowels are needed. Deep verbs take -unk, high verbs take -ünk.

2nd PP: No link vowel needed for these forms. Verbs with ö, ő, ü, ű take -tök. Deep verbs take -tok. High verbs take -tek.

3rd PP: No link vowel is needed. Just add -nak to deep verbs and -nek to high verbs.

LÁTNI
látok
látsz
lát
látunk
láttok
látnak

VEZETNI
vezetek
vezetsz
vezet
vezetünk
vezettek
vezetnek

TÖRNI
török
törsz
tör
törünk
törtök
törnek

These suffixes should be familiar to you since you already know some of them. If you attach -unk, -ünk, -tok, -tek, -tök to a noun, they are possessive endings. As well as the -nak, -nek suffixes have the same form as the dative suffixes. Only their form is similar, not their meaning. I wanted it to be  a curiosity, not a rule to be worried about. It’s quite smart to use almost the same suffixes with nouns as with verbs, but with a different function. Well…Hungarian is a real miracle to me. 🙂

Next time we’ll talk more about indefinite conjugation. There are a thing or two to make clear. Bye now!

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