Indefinite Conjugation For Verbs In Two Consonants


You already know that verbs with indefinite conjugation take the 2nd PS, 2nd PP and 3rd PP suffixes with no link vowel.

lépsz, léptek, lépnek
futsz, futtok, futnak
ütsz, üttök, ütnek
szedsz, szedtek, szednek

and so on…

The problem arises when a verb ends in two consonants. Then it needs a link vowel. With such verbs, these suffixes are fitted with a link vowel: 2nd PS, 2nd PP, 3rd PP. And they look like this:

2nd PS: -esz, -asz
2nd PP: -etek, -ötök, -otok
3rd PP: -enek, -anak

The rest of the indefinite conjugation (1st PS, 1st PP, 3rd PS) is the same.

Examples:

Deep verb > mondani (to say)
mondok, mondasz, mond, mondunk, mond(o)tok, mondanak

High verb > menteni (to save)
mentek, mentesz, ment, mentünk, mentetek, mentenek

High verb with ö, ő, ü, ű > gyűjteni (to collect)
gyűjtök, gyűjtesz, gyűjt, gyűjtünk, gyűjtötök, gyűjtenek

Generally speaking of verbs in two consonants, I recommend you use a 2nd PP suffix with a  link vowel except with the verb mondani.

This rule is also valid for monosyllabic verbs with long ű ending in -t and verbs ending with the suffix -ít:

fűt (to heat), hűt (to cool), műt (to operate on), segít (to help), lazít (to relax)

2nd PS: fűtesz, hűtesz, műtesz, segítesz, lazítasz
2nd PP: fűtötök, hűtötök, műtötök, segítetek, lazítotok
3rd PP: fűtenek, hűtenek, műtenek, segítenek, lazítanak

Next time we’ll take a look at the indefinite conjugation. Bye 🙂

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