Future Tense


In Hungarian there is no specific future tense you can form with suffixes. It is paraphrased like in English:

Menni fogokI will go

It is formed with conjugated forms of the auxiliary verb FOG in present tense and the infinitive form of the main verb.

Indefinite conjugation:
Látni fogok egy filmet. – I will see a movie.
Látni fogsz egy filmet. – You will see a movie.
Látni fog egy filmet. – He/She will see a movie.
Látni fogunk egy filmet. – We will see a movie.
Látni fogtok egy filmet. – You will see a movie.
Látni fognak egy filmet. – They will see a movie.

Definite conjugation:
Látni fogom a filmet. – I will see the movie.
Látni fogod a filmet. – You will see the movie.
Látni fogja a filmet. – He/She will see the movie.
Látni fogjuk a filmet. – We will see the movie.
Látni fogjátok a filmet. – You will see the movie.
Látni fogják a filmet. – They will see the movie.

This construction cannot be separated: Látni a filmet fogom > WRONG.
However, it can be emphased: Fogom látni a filmet.

PRESENT INSTEAD OF FUTURE

Note that you have this possibility with the auxiliary verb ‘fog’, but many times present tense is used instead.

Gramatically correct: Holnap iskolába fogok menni.
Everyday speech: Holnap iskolába megyek.

So when can you use the paraphrased future tense? More or less when you can use ‘will’ in English.
1.  if an act happens in the really far future
2. to make a promise

1. Jövő ilyenkor Floridában fogok napozni.
This time next year I’ll be sunbathing in Florida.

2. Ne aggódj, meg fogom csinálni a kocsit.
Don’t worry, I will repair the car.

Note that if the main verb is a phrasal verb like in sentence 2 (megcsinál), then the verbal prefix is separated from the verb in future tense: meg fogom csinálni

Then again, you can also say: napozok, megcsinálom in the sentences above. You choose.

More next time about an adverb we use a lot to refer to the future. Bye now. 🙂

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