Suffixes / Postpositions, Adverbs of Place – SUMMARY


SUMMARY TABLE FOR SUFFIXES AND POSTPOSITIONS REGARDING ADVERBS OF PLACE

Below you see the adverbs of place and the linguistic names for the suffixes enumerated.

SUMMARY FOR SUFFIXES:

-ba, -be > illative case = into, inside
movement into the interior of something

-ban, -ben > inessive case = in, inside
occurrence inside something

-ból, -ből > elative case = from (inside), out of
movement from the inside of something

-ra, -re > sublative case = onto
movement towards the surface

-n, -on, -en, -ön > superessive case = on
occurrence on the surface of something

-ról, -ről > delative case = from (the surface of)
movement from the surface of something

-hoz, -hez, -höz > allative case = to, towards
movement towards the vicinity of something

-nál, -nél > adesive case = at, by, next to, near
occurrence next to something

-tól, től > ablative case = from (near), away from
movement from the vicinity of something

SUMMARY FOR POSTPOSITIONS:

elé – (go) in/to front of
előtt – (be) in front of
elől – from (the front of)

mögé – (go) behind
mögött – (be) behind
mögül – from behind

fölé – (go) over
fölött – (be) above
fölül – from above

alá – (go) under
alatt – (be) underneath
alól – from under

mellé – (go) next to/beside
mellett – (be) next to/beside
mellől – from beside

közé – (go) between, among
között – (be) between, among
közül – from between; of, from among

köré – (go) around
körül – (be) around

felé – (go) towards
felől – from the direction of

vmn,vkn kívüloutside of sg, sy; besides sg, sy; apart from sg, sy
vmn belül inside sg, in the interior of sg
vmn alulbelow sg, sy
vmn,vkn felülabove/over sg, sy
vmn innenover sg
vmn, vkn túlover sg; beside sg, sy
vmn, vkn át through/across sg
vmn, vkn keresztülthrough sy, by means of sy, sg
vmn végigalong sg, up to the end of sg
vm menténalong sg
vm, vk ellenagainst sg, sy
vmvel, vkvel szembenagainst sg, sy, counter to sg, sy
vmvel, vkvel együtttogether/along with sg, sy

NOTE!
Abbreviation for valami (something) is: vm
Abbreviation for valaki (somebody) is: vk

valamin, valakin = vmn, vkn
valamivel, valakivel = vmvel, vkvel

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One comment on “Suffixes / Postpositions, Adverbs of Place – SUMMARY

  1. Jana says:

    28) Az elative case nemcsak from (inside) jelent, de out of fordítást lehet pótolnia is.
    Az ablative case jelent: from, from near, away from

    elé – to the front of
    elől – from (the front of)
    alól – inkább from under
    mellé és mellett – nemcsak next to, de beside is
    mellől – from beside
    közül – nemcsak from between és of, hanem from among is

    vmin, vkin kívül nem jelent beside sg, sy, de inkább out of sg, sy, vagy apart from sg, sy
    vmin alul = nemcsak below, de at the bottom of sg, sy is
    vmin innen nem jelent over sg, de at, vagy at the side of
    vmin, vkin túl nem jelent beside sg, sy, de inkább on the other side of sg
    nem vagyok biztos, vajon vmin végig = along sg. Az én forrásomok mutatnak csak: végig = to the end. Milyen forrásból állapította meg, hogy vmin végig = along sg?
    vmivel, vkivel szemben = counter to sg, sy is hozzáillő

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