About Time, Date, Century


ABOUT TIME

The Hungarian word for time is: idő which also means wheather.

Egy óra van. – It’s one o’clock.
Két óra van. – It’s two o’clock.
Dél van. – It’s noon.
Éjfél van. – It’s midnight.

You see it’s simple to say the time in Hungarian. But what if you want to say: five past ten, etc. Here’s the solution:

negyed négy – quarter past five
(literally: quarter four)

fél négy – half past three (literally: half four)

háromnegyed négy – quarter to four
(literally: three-quarter four)

Apparently, Hungarian is a little bit more consequent about time. If 15 minutes have passed after three o’clock, that means that it’s only a quarter part of four o’clock. That’s why we say: negyed négy, and so on…

Examples:

Hány óra van? – What time is it?
Mennyi az idő? – What’s the time?
Egy óra van. – It’s one o’clock.
Negyed kettő van. – It’s quarter past one.
Fél kettő van. – It’s half past one.
Háromnegyed kettő van. – It’s quarter to two.
Két óra van. – It’s two o’clock.
Negyed négy van. – It’s quarter past three.
Fél tíz van. – It’s half past nine.
Háromnegyed hat van. – It’s quarter to six.
Hány órakor? Mikor? – At what time? When?
egykor at one
hétkorat seven
fél ötkorat half past four
Negyed nyolc után tíz perccel. – at twenty-five past seven
Tíz óra elmúlt. – It’s past ten.
Öt perc múlva három. – It’s five to three.
Mikorra? Ötre. – By what time? By five.

STATING A DATE

Let’s see a comparison now! The example is:

25th February, 1992 or February 25th 1992

1. 1992. február 25.
2. 1992. feb. 25.
3. 1992. 02. 25.
4. 1992. II. 25.

1. You can state a date by writing out the month.
2. You can state a date by writing the abbreviation of the month.
3. You can state a date by writing everything with numbers.
4. You can state a date by writing the month with Roman letters, but it’s rarely used!

All members of a date are followed by a dot. Exceptions are month completely written out! And the most important thing of all: Hungarian goes from the bigger unit to the smaller unit.

YEAR + MONTH + DAY

If you want to say ’in 1992, use the suffixes –ban, -ben with a hyphen:

1992-ben, 2008-ban

Use the suffixes -án, -én with a hyphen if you want to say for example: 2005. május 5.-én.

2005. május 5-én összeházasodunk.
We’ll get married on 5th May, 2005.

Dates are said like this:

1995. 01. 06. = ezerkilencszázkilencvenöt január hatodika
1995. 01. 06-án = ezerkilencszázkilencvenöt január hatodikán

Furthermore, there’s a little trouble with the number ONE. If you say ’1st May’, you have to use the word: elseje, elsején.

1st May = május elseje
on 1st May = május elsején

Note that the Hungarian word óra has different aspects in English: hour, clock, watch. Everything is óra in Hungarian! 🙂

Words for óra:

karóra – wrist watch
fali óra – wall-clock
villanyóra – electricity meter
vízóra – water-meter
gázóra – gas-meter

It also means class, lesson:

Hétkor órám van. – I have class at seven.
Órán vagyok. – I’m in class.

Other examples:

Ma 2005. június 16. hétfő van.
Today is Monday 16th June, 2005.

Hányadika van ma?
What is the date today? What date is it today?

Mikor? – When?

Melyik évben? 1990-ben.
(In) which year? In 1990.

májusban – in May

1990 májusában – in May, 1990

Mettől meddig? Hétfőtől szombatig.
For how long? From Monday to Saturday.

Mennyi ideig? Hat napig.
(for) How long? For six days.

Mióta? 1990 óta.
Since when? Since 1990.

-Mióta vagy itt? -2 hete.
-How long have you been here? -For 2 weeks.

NOTE! Hungarian says 1995 as: a thousand-ninehundred-ninety-five. We don’t use the English method: nineteen ninetyfive!

CENTURY

Hungarian equivalent: század or évszázad.

a 16. század (tizenhatodik) – the 16th century
a 20. század (huszadik) – the 20th century
a 21. század (huszonegyedik) – the 21st century

All right. We’re finished with adverbs of time. Next time we begin adverbs of manner and after finishing that topic, we’ll take a closer look at all CASES. Bye! 🙂

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