Suffixes / Postpositions, Adverbs of Manner, -n, -on, -an, -en; -lag, -leg


The usual method to form adverbs of manner in English is adding –ly to the adjective. Hungarian has several suffixes for that, depending on what adjective you form an adverb of manner from.

GROUP 1: -N, -ON, -AN, -EN

These suffixes are the general ones to form adverbs of manner. Important to mention: depending on what plural suffix adjectives require, such a suffix for these adverbs of manner must be chosen. I’m talking about link vowels: –an, –en, –on or –n attached to words in a vowel. Examples:

okos > okosak = okosan (in a clever/smart way)
béna > bénák = bénán (crippled; in a lame way)
ügyes > ügyesek = ügyesen (ably)
vastag > vastagok = vastagon (in a thick way)

Of course there are exceptions: boldog > boldogok = boldogan (happily)

Adjectives formed with the suffixes -s, -os, -es, -ös always take these suffixes! Sometimes, words that end with ó, ő, ú, ű take -n (keserűn), but these forms sound a bit antiquated. Besides, other words can take them, too. Not to be confused with the suffixes of surface -n, -on, -en, -ön!

haragos – haragosan = testytestily
fényes – fényesen = brightbrightly
gyors – gyorsan = quickquickly
olcsó – olcsón = cheap – at a low price
drága – drágán = expensive – at a high price

Apparently, also English has its own forms now and then which can’t be translated in the same way.

ATTENTION! There are exceptions going through a change when transformed into adverbs of manner. These words end with ú, ű.

lassú – lassan = slowslowly
könnyű – könnyen = easy – easily
szörnyű – szörnyen = terrible – terribly

NOTE! The adjective nagy means big, the adverb nagyon means very.

nagy = big > nagyon = very
nagy ház = big house > nagyon nagy ház = very big house

GROUP 2: -LAG, -LEG

These suffixes are attached mostly to words which end with ó, ő, ú, ű. Adjectives formed with the suffix -i take -lag, -leg, too.

állítólag – allegedly
ellenkezőleg – on the contrary
valószínűleg – probably
barátilag – in a friendly way
eredetileg – originally

But it doesn’t mean that other words must not take them:

aránylag – relatively
tényleg – really
végleg – definitely

Adjectives with these suffixes – that is as adverbs of manner – must not be compared at superlative degree!

Next time we’ll take a look at the suffixes -ul, -ül. Bye now! 🙂

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One comment on “Suffixes / Postpositions, Adverbs of Manner, -n, -on, -an, -en; -lag, -leg

  1. Jana says:

    39) …suffixes for that depending on what adjective is to be made adverb of manner. –> Itt tökéletlen szórend van. Jobban: …suffixes for that, depending on what adjective will be an adverb of manner made from.

    These suffixes are the general forms to form… –> Itt ismételt és fölös szavak vannak. Jobban: These suffixes are general to form…
    Hasonlóan a group 2 felirat alább: But that doesn’t mean that other… –> But it doesn’t mean that other…

    Nem …must be choosen., de …must be chosen.

    vastagon = thickly, in a thick way

    Nem …attached to words in a vowel., de …attached to words, which end with a vowel.
    Sometimes, words that end in ó, ő, ú, ű –> Sometimes, words that end with ó, ő, ú, ű
    Hasonlóan: These words end in ú, ű. Jobban: These exceptions are words ending with ú, ű.
    Hasonlóan a group 2 felirat alább: …attached mostly to words ending in ó, ő, ú, ű. –> …ending with ó, ő, ú, ű.

    …exceptions going through a change while transformed –> Ez nem az időaspektus, de a szükségszerű feltétel: …exceptions going through a change when transformed

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