Numerals – Fractions, Distributive, Multiplicative


FRACTIONS

Fractions are numbers expressing a specific part of the whole. Hungarian fractions are formed with the suffix -d which can have a link vowel if needed. So the suffixes in details are:

-AD, -OD, -ED, -ÖD

/1 egyed
/2 ketted
/3 harmad
/4 negyed
/5 ötöd
/6 hatod
/7 heted
/8 nyolcad
/9 kilenced
/10 tized
/100 század
/1000 ezred

AGAIN, CAREFULLY WITH THESE NUMBERS!

három > harmad
négy > negyed
hét > heted
tíz > tized
ezer > ezred

Examples:

½ egy ketted = one and a half
2/3 két harmad = two-third
¾ három negyed = three-quarter
6/9 hat kilenced = six-ninth

Question words: Hányad? Hányad része?

DISTRIBUTIVE NUMBERS

Hungarian distributive numbers are expressed with the suffixes -VAL, -VEL or -NKÉNT. If you’re all for cases, the suffix -nként is DISTRIBUTIVE CASE. Question word: Hányasával?

egyesével > one by one
kettesével > two at a time
százával > hundreds of
ezrével > thousands of

Hármasával vehettek az ebédből.
You can take from the lunch three at a time.

Ezrével tiltakoztak az emberek.
Thousands of people were protesting.

MULTIPLICATIVE NUMBERS

Hungarian multiplicative numbers are formed with the suffixes: -SZOR, -SZER, -SZÖR. English equivalent: times.

Question word: Hányszor? Milyen gyakran? – How many times? How often?

egyszer > once
kétszer > twice
háromszor > three times
négyszer > four times
sokszor > many times
kevésszer > a few times

Ha csak egyszer érteném, amit mondasz!
If I understood what you say just once!

Kétszer mentem a piacra.
I went to the market twice.

Tízszer mondtam el neki, hogy figyeljen oda!
I’ve told him ten times to listen!

Már sokszor figyelmeztettelek.
I’ve warned you many times.

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